INTRODUCTION BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW NATIONAL VERSIONS SCALE CONSTRUCTION

National Versions of CAMSIS

...or go straight to CAMSIS Downloads...

On this page you can find slightly more extended information on current versions of CAMSIS scales and in some cases on potential versions which are in development. Updates and additions to this page are ongoing.

 

INDEX TO NATIONAL VERSIONS

See also: Accessing and using CAMSIS scale scores
How to use the CAMSIS scores.
 

Occupational classifications

Notes and downloadable files giving details of occupational classifications used in the CAMSIS countries.
  HIS-CAM CAMSIS scales for the period 1800-1938, for Belgium, Britain, Netherlands, Germany, France, Sweden and Canada.

CLICK ON THE LINKS BELOW FOR MORE DETAILS
Australia Ghana Portugal
Austria/ Österreich Hungary/ Magyarország Romania
Belgium/ België/ Belgique Ireland Russia
Britain Italy/Italia Slovakia
{Canada} {Kenya} Slovenia
{Colombia} Luxembourg Spain/ Espańa
Czech Republic Mexico Sweden/ Sverige
Denmark/ Danmark Netherlands/ Nederland Switzerland/ Schweiz/ Suisse
{Estonia/ Eesti} {New Zealand} Turkey/ Türkiye
Finland/ Suomi Philippines
France Poland/ Polska
Germany/ Deutschland  
           
           

 

 

International version ('ICAM') - ICAM ('International CAMSIS') (access here) is a scale of social distance between occupations calculated on a pooled cross-national database by Cinzia Meraviglia and colleagues. Whereas the links above provide 'specific' scales particular to nominated countries/time periods, ICAM offers a universal international measure which is equally applicable across nations. References:

  • De Luca, Deborah, Cinzia Meraviglia & Harry B.G. Ganzeboom, "ICAM: The International CAMSIS Scale". ** First presented at ISA RC28, Haifa, April 2010. Software available at: http://www.harryganzeboom.nl
  • Ganzeboom, Harry B. G, Cinzia Meraviglia& Deborah de Luca (2011). Occupational status and cultural consumption. Paper presented at the ISA RC28 Spring meeting, University of Essex, 13-16 April 2011 (link to slides).
  • Download the scale: Source file in SPSS syntax code; plain text format (4-digit); plain text tab-delimited (2-digit)
 
    Work on the CAMSIS project has been supported by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (RCSS538; RES062232497)
 
 

CAMSIS for the LIS and LES projects

Versions designed for use with the cross-nationally harmonised survey collections of the Luxembourg Income and Employment Studies.
 

CAMSIS for the CHER datasets

Files designed for linking CAMSIS scores to data from the CHER (harmonised panel) study

 



Australia

Research collaborators

Prof Frank Jones University of Queensland

 

Current status

1996: A working version of the scale has been constructed by the Australian researchers and with minor modifications it has been made directly comparable with other national versions. This version allows scores to be allocated to occupations coded to the latest version of the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO-2).

Further details and downloads
>>>
Australia 1996
 
Relevant publications
Jones and McMillan (2001)
Prandy and Jones (2001)

Austria / Österreich

Current status
An Austrian version has been produced in terms of ISCO-88 units based upon data from 1991 and 1995 surveys. The construction of this version made use of the data and analysis resources provided by the LIS project.
 
Further details and downloads
>>>
Austria

 

Belgium / België / Belgique

Current status

The only current version of the scale for Belgium is one based on ISCO-88 2-digit categories, using data available from the CHER datasets. It is not wholly satisfactory in several respects, particularly the small number of occupational categories and the small size of the samples used. It is made available on the basis of there being nothing better. At present there are no plans for producing a full version.
 

Further details and downloads
>>>
Belgium
 

Britain
Research collaborators
 
Prof. Ken Prandy School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University
Dr Wendy Bottero Department of Sociology, University of Manchester
Prof. Bob Blackburn Social Science Research Group, University of Cambridge
Dr Paul Lambert  Applied Social Science , Stirling University
 


Current status

2010-12: Scores have been derived using data from Labour Force Surveys pooled over 2010-2012 for the Standard Occupational Classification 2010 (SOC2010) categories. We hope shortly to translate these to appropriate scores for the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08).
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Britain 2010
 

2001: We haven't made a CAMSIS version yet using detailed units of the UK Standard Occupational Classification 2000 (SOC2000). We do, however, have a set of CAMSIS scores based upon approximations derived from the scores for the earlier Standard Occupational Classification (SOC90), which have been linked with SOC2000 units through the index file available from the Occupational Information Unit. An index file and related other files for assigning these approximate CAMSIS scores to SOC2000 title units are available below. Note that we hope one day to add an further CAMSIS version based directly upon SOC2000 units. Latest release version 0.1 Feb 2003 supersedes version 0.0 downloadable between August 2002 and Feb 2002.
 

Download files >>>
Britain 2001
(approximations)
 

FAQs on the British SOC2000 appriximation: 

                        1)- Note on reliability of CAMSIS approximation SOC2000-RGSC linkage, February 2006.

1991: Scores have been derived using data from the 1991 census and the the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC90) categories. These have also been converted to allow scores to be allocated to occupations coded to the 1981 Census occupational classification and to the current International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88).
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Britain 1991
 
1971: Scores have been derived using data from the 1971 census and the the UK's Classification of Occupations 1970 (CO70). The occupational classifications used in the 1961 Census and the 1966 Sample Census are very close to that used in 1971, so we have also allocated these scores to occupations coded to either of these classifications.
 
Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Britain 1971
 
C19TH: There are two versions, one for the period 1777-1866, the other for 1867-1913, based on survey data on marriages in these periods collected for the Family History Study. The occupational classification used is specific to that study, but work is in progress on mapping the scores onto the HISCO schema, based on an earlier version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-68), which has been adopted for use in historical analyses. This version could be used, with caution, for countries other than Britain. A version based on the 1881 Census is also being considered.
 
Further details 
>>>
Nineteenth Century Britain
 

 

5) 1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from Britain, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 

Further details 
>>>

HISCAM for HISCO

(1800-1938)


Canada
 
Research collaborator / Collaborateur dans la recherche
 
Dr Jennifer Jarman

Lakehead University

Current status

1991-96: We had plans to derive a CAMSIS scale for this era, but have yet to arrange access to suitable microdata.
 

Further details 
>>>
Canada 1991/96
 

1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from Canada, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 

Further details 
>>>

HISCAM for HISCO

(1800-1938)

 


Colombia

Current status

1973-2005: Data are available from  IPUMS which we hope to use for CAMSIS scale calculations. We have derived preliminary scales for Colombia in 1973 but we have not yet finished this work.
 

Further details 
>>>
Colombia 1973
 
 


Czech Republic

Current status
A Czech version has been produced in terms of ISCO-88 units based upon data from a 1994 survey. The construction of this version made use of the data and analysis resources provided by the LIS project.
 
Further details and downloads
>>>
Czech Republic

 

 


Denmark / Danmark
 

Current status

The only current version of the scale for Denmark is one based on ISCO-88 2-digit categories, using data available from the CHER datasets. It is not wholly satisfactory in several respects, particularly the small number of occupational categories and the small size of the samples used. It is made available on the basis of there being nothing better. At present there are no plans for producing a full version.
 

Further details and downloads
>>>
Denmark
 


Estonia / Eesti
 
Research collaborators
 
Dr Ellu Saar Institute for International and Social Studies, Tallinn Pedagogical University
Dr Rein Vöörmann Institute for International and Social Studies, Tallinn Pedagogical University
Marge Unt Institute for International and Social Studies, Tallinn Pedagogical University
 
Current status
We are still in the process of arranging data and methods for the derivation of a scale for Estonia which we hope to undertake on the basis of Labour Force Survey data.
 
Further details 
>>>
Estonia
 

Finland
Research collaborators
 
Jani Erola University of Turku
Pasi Moisio European University Institute, Florence
Paul Lambert University of Stirling, UK
 
Current status

1970-2005: During 2010/2011 we have been working on deriving Finnish scale scores for five yearly intervals in this period (using census data). A set of scales were published in October 2010.
 

Further details 
>>>
Finland
 
 


France
 
Research collaborators / Collaborateur dans la recherche
 
Yannick Lemel Laboratoire de sociologie quantitative, INSEE, Paris
Ehud Weisel Dauphine University, Paris
Paul Lambert University of Stirling (IPUMS versions)
 
 Current status

A few different projects have produced scales based upon social interaction distance analysis for contemporary France.

  • In 2011 a series of scale scores based upon analysis of homogamy in the French census datasets of 1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999 and 2006 were published, based upon a semi-automated analysis routine conducted by Paul Lambert using microdata accessed from IPUMS-International.
  • Also operating in the framework of the CAMSIS project, a set of scale scores for the PCS occupational categories of France, based upon 1999 data from a working paper by Barral P., Bellach M., Bernard l., and Vaconsin F, have been generated and are made available below. This version's derivation differs a little from other CAMSIS versions (mainly because it excludes agricultural workers).
  • In a comparable analysis using a slightly different analytical framework, Yannick Lemel has constructed a scale using analysis of Friendship patterns for a 1982/3 survey as part of work in a project coordinated by Tak Wing Chan (see: Chan, T.W. (2010) Social Status and Cultural Consumption, Cambridge UP).


 

Further details and download 
>>>
France, contemporary versions

 

1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from France, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 

Further details 
>>>

HISCAM for HISCO

(1800-1938)


Germany / Deutschland
 
Funded by the Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society 
Finanziert durch die Deutsche-Britische Stiftung für das Studium der Industriegesellschaft
 
 

Dr Bernhard Schimpl-Neimanns

ZUMA, Mannheim

Dr Peter Schmidt

ZUMA, Mannheim

Dr Heike Wirth

ZUMA, Mannheim

Current status

1) 1995: Work has now been completed using the 1995 Micro-census data. Scale scores have been constructed for the current International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88).

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Germany 1995 (ISCO)

2) 1991: Work has now been completed using the 1991 Micro-census data. Scale scores have been  constructed for both the Klassifizierung der Berufe, Ausgabe 1975 (KldB75).
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Germany 1991 (KldB75)

 

3) 1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from Germany, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 

Further details 
>>>

HISCAM for HISCO

(1800-1938)

 

 

 

 


Ghana
 

 

 

2000: We have constructed a CAMSIS scale for Ghana using the occupational data available at IPUMS-International. There are relatively few job categories covered by this data, and there are a relatively high proportion of jobs in argiculture, which effects the scores generated. On the whole we think that the male scale works well, but the female scale seems a bit more questionable.
 

Further details 
>>>
Ghana 2000

 


 

 


Hungary / Magyarország
 

Research collaborators

Dr Róbert Tardos Research Group for Communication Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University
Dr Róbert Angelusz Research Group for Communication Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University
Dr Péter Róbert TARKI
Erzsebet Bukodi Department of Social Statistics, Central Statistics Office

Current status

1) 1996: Scale scores for the ISCO-88 classification, using data from the1996 Micro-census are now available.
 

Further details and downloads 
>>>
Hungary 1996

2) 1990: Scale scores are available for 1990, based on the occupational classification in use at that time. That classification is, however, unsatisfactory in some respects.
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Hungary 1990

 


Ireland
 

Research collaborator

Dr Richard Layte Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin

 Current status

1996: Work is complete on the 1996 Census data and scores for the CSO Occupational Classification 1996 and a conversion to the current International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are available.
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Ireland 1996
 
 

 


Italy
 

Researchers

Deborah de Luca University of Milan
Cinzia Meraviglia University of Eastern Piedmont
Harry Ganzeboom Free University Amsterdam

 Current status

2010: The 'CAMSIS-IT' scale has been generated by the above team in their recent research. It is calculated on micro-data from 2006, using the Italian national occupational classification 2001 (CP2001) in 3-digit and 2-digit detail.
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
CAMSIS-IT
 
 

 


Kenya
 



Luxembourg
 

Current status

The only current version of the scale for Luxembourg is one based on ISCO-88 2-digit categories, using data available from the CHER datasets. It is not wholly satisfactory in several respects, particularly the small number of occupational categories and the small size of the samples used. It is made available on the basis of there being nothing better. At present there are no plans for producing a full version.
 

Further details and downloads
>>>
Luxembourg

 


Mexico

Current status

1970/1990/2000/2010: Data were used from  IPUMS-I to construct CAMSIS scales for these time periods at the occupational unit level. These can be downloaded via the link below.

 


Netherlands

Current status

1985: This is the first example of a scale produced using information solely on the occupations of husbands and wives. It was based on Labour Force Survey data. Although the scores are roughly comparable with those that would be obtained from a CAMSIS analysis, they do suffer from certain limitations because of the methods used. Unfortunately, it has not so far proved possible to obtain access to more recent data from the Netherlands.
 

Relevant publication

 

1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from the Netherlands, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 


New Zealand
 

Research collaborators

Prof Peter Davis Public Health Group, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Christchurch Medical School, University of Otago
Stephen McTaggart Department of Statistics, University of Auckland

Current status

Stephen McTaggart has begun work in deriving CAMSIS scales based upon marital combinations in census files from several recent years.

 
Further details 
>>>
New Zealand



Poland / Polska
 



Portugal
 


 


Romania
 


 


Russia
 

In an independent research project, Alexey Bessudnov has also derived an occupational scale for Russia which uses social distance analysis and could broadly be described as a CAMSIS scale. For more details see: Bessudnov (2009) An Occupational Status Scale for Russia, WP2009-02 of the Department of Sociology, University of Oxford.

 



Slovakia

Current status
A Slovakian version has been produced in terms of ISCO-88 units based upon data from a 1995 survey. The construction of this version made use of the data and analysis resources provided by the LIS project.
 
Further details and downloads
>>>
Slovakia

 

Slovenia

Current status
A Slovenian version has been produced in terms of ISCO-88 units based upon data from a 1994 survey. The construction of this version made use of the data and analysis resources provided by the LIS project.
 
Further details and downloads
>>>
Slovenia

 

 


 

Spain / Espańa

 

Research collaborators / Colaboradores en la investigación

Dr Jorge Rodriguez University of Kent

Current status

2002: A version based on data from from the 1st wave of the 2002 Labour Force Survey is available for download

Further details and downloads  
>>>
Spain 2002

 

1980: For one specific application, we also produced a derivation file using a small subsample from 1980 data, at the level of submajor groups only (2-digit) on the ISCO-68 occupational scheme. This is not an 'official' release of a CAMSIS version, but interested users are welcome to contact us - Jorge Rodriguez or Paul Lambert - for further details.
 

 

Sweden / Sverige
With funding support from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research 
(Forskningsrĺdet för Arbetsliv och Socialvetenskap)
 
Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Sweden 1990
 
 

1800-1938: There are HIS-CAM scores covering the period 1800-1938, which include data from Sweden, available from the HIS-CAM website. These scores refer to the HISCO occupational classifcation.
 

Further details 
>>>

HISCAM for HISCO

(1800-1938)

 


Switzerland / Suisse / Schweiz
  With funding support from SIDOS and the Swiss Household Panel Study 
Avec le soutien financier de SIDOS et du Panel suisse de ménages 
Mit Unterstützung von SIDOS und dem Schweizer Haushalt Panel
 

Research collaborators / Collaborateurs dans la recherche / Forschungsmitarbeiter

Prof. Dr Manfred Max Bergman University of Basel, and formerly SIDOS (Swiss Information and Data Services)
Prof Dominique Joye Sociology Institute, University of Neuchatel

Current status

1990: Work is complete, using the 1990 Swiss Census. Scale scores have been independently constructed for both the Swiss Berufliche Tätigkeit/Acitivité Professionelle and the current International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). **Re-release version 2.1 from February 2002 (see note)**
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Switzerland 1990
 

Relevant publications

Bergman et al. (2002)
Bergman and Joye (2001)

     

     


Turkey / Türkiye

Research collaborators

Cigdem Gedikli Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, UK
Dr. Yusuf Ziya Ozcan Department of Sociology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 
Dr. Murat Guvenc Department of Sociology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 
Dr. Ayse Hosgör Department of Sociology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 

 

2010: Cigdem Gedikli, of the Norwich Business School at the University of East Anglia, has undertaken an analysis of occupational gender segregation in Turkey which incorporated the construction of CAMSIS scale scores for occupations, using household survey data from 2010 for ISCO-88 (2-digit units). A working paper describing her research, and copies of data files generated in this analysis, are available below.
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>

Turkey 2010 (ISCO-88 2-digit)

Data files: .dta / .dat / .xls / .zip

Working paper: .pdf

 

1990: Scales based upon an analysis using the 1990 Labour Force Survey are available below. Scores have been be allocated to occupations coded to the 1968 version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-68).
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
Turkey 1990
 
 

USA

Current status

2000: Work on a version using 2000 Census data is now complete. Scores are released for the 2000 'SOC' occupational units.
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
USA 2000

1990: Work on the 1990 Census is now complete. As well as the 1990 occupational classification, scores have been converted to the categories of the current International Standard Classificaion of Occupations (ISCO-88)
 

Further details 
and downloads
>>>
USA 1990
 

1960: A version based on the 1960 Census is now complete. Other historical versions covering other census years may also be prepared in the future.

Further details 
and downloads
>>>

1880: A version based on the 1880 Census is also being considered.
 


 

 


Venezuela
 

1981/1990/2001: We made some CAMSIS scales for Venezeula using IPUMS-I data from 1981, 1990 and 2001. There are scales at the occupational unit level, plus we also tried to construct a few scales at the level of occupational units cross-classified by simple measures of educational qualifications (though these are somewhat experimental at time of publication).
 

Further details 
>>>
Venezuela 1981, 1990 and 2001
 
 
 



Vietnam
 

1989/1999/2009: We have constructed CAMSIS scales for Vietnam using the occupational data available at IPUMS-International. The relatively high proportion of jobs in argiculture in Vietnam means that the numeric values of the scales are skewed somewhat according to the scores given to agricultural jobs.
 

Further details 
>>>
Vietnam 1989, 1999 and 2009
 
 
 




 

Last modified 2 Sep 2014
This document is maintained by Paul Lambert (paul.lambert@stirling.ac.uk)